Nosotros somos cuarto!!

Bienvenidos a esta nueva forma de seguir aprendiendo y disfrutando de la música.
En esta página podremos repasar las cosas que vamos dando en clase, viendo vídeos, escuchando música o jugando con algunos recursos.
Espero que estéis todos preparados y preparadas porque este año va de la música en grupo!!




UNIT 1: MEDITERRANEAN MUSIC

 Each country group of people and culture has  its own songs, dances and instruments. We call this traditional music or folk music. The countries around the Mediterranean Sea have a lot of traditional music.

  MUSIC OF THE MEDITERRANEAN

The different groups of people who live around the Mediterranean have always been in contact with each other. Because of this, some of their rhythms, melodies and traditional instruments are similar.

ITALY

The most popular folk dance is the Tarantella. The instruments that accompany it are the mandolin, recorder, violin, guitar, tambourine and accordion.



GREECE

The most traditional instruments are the bouzouki and the baglama. They are similar to the lute and the guitar.

TURKEY

Dervishes are Muslim monks. They do a very unusual dance that involves spinning around, or "whirling".

MOROCCO
There is a type of music that is very closely related to flamenco. We call it Arab-Andalusian music. Long ago, people also played this music on the Iberian Peninsula. There are groups with a combination of Arab and flamenco musicians.


MUSICAL SYMBOLS

Musical symbols indicate the duration of the sounds and the rests.
Each symbol has got a different length.


 

UNIT 2: EUROPEAN MUSIC

   Each European region has its own traditional music. It is part of the folklore of different groups of people and cultures.

MUSIC AND CULTURE 

Europe is home to many different countries and cultures. Some of our traditional types of music and dances are similar. Others are very different.
The music from the regions on the coast of the Atlantic Oceans includes CELTIC MUSIC

JAZZ MANOUCHE or GYPSY JAZZ, a type of Tyrolean singing called YODELLING and the POLKA all come from Central Europe.

Gypsies in Eastern Europe created Gypsy or ROMANIAN MUSIC


DYNAMICS AND SEMIQUAVERS.


We use dynamics to indicate the volume we need to use when playing the notes.





 Semiquavers are half the lenght of quavers. There are four semiquavers in each beat.


 



UNIT 3: AFRICAN MUSICAL ROOTS.


African villages have music for fun, work, putting babies to sleep and even curing the sick! Sometimes, the entire village sings, plays or dances together. Other music is only for boys, girls, men or women. This music travelled to the Americas. It is the origin of Afro-American music.


MUSIC AND CULTURE

Between the 16th and 19th centuries, millions of African were taken from Africa to the Americas as slaves.  That is why a lot of music in America  has African melodies, rhythms, dances and instruments.
http://www.nunet.com.mx/nunet/uploads/berimbau.jpg

Africa in Brazil
Capoeira is a type of dance-fight. It is accompanied by berimbau, a string instrument of African origin. Another brazilian dance is the samba.

Africa in the United States
Gospel and jazz music have their roots in the songs of African slaves. Gospel is a type of religious music.


Africa in the Caribbean
Caribbean countries have a lot of rhythms with African roots. One example is the son cubano.


TEMPO

In musical terminology, tempo is the speed or pace of a given piece.
A piece of music's tempo is typically written at the start of the score, and in modern Western music is usually indicated in beats per minute (BPM).


DA CAPO A FINE

The da capo a fine is the sign we use to indicate that we repeat from the beginning till we find the fine indication.
 The first time we play the song normally. We go back to the beginning and we start again. This second time playing stops when we find the word "Fine".



UNIT 4: MUSIC OF ASIA AND OCEANIA.

In Asia an Oceania there are groups of people with a very long history. Their traditional music is different from ours. The performer plays a very important role in this music.

Listen to this fantastic sitar

MUSIC AND CULTURE 

In Asian countries, there are instruments, sounds and rhythms that are different from ours, Indian music is the oldest. It has influenced the music from other areas.

 

Music in India

The musicians play music from memory (by heart). They improvise, using instruments like table, the tanpura and the sitar.

 

Music in Indochina

There are many groups of tuned percussion instruments. Drum circles are one example. 

 

Music in China

Chinese music uses five-note melodies. There are many wind instruments made from bamboo. One example is the sheng.

Some important instruments apart from the sitar are:  

bendir y darbuka 
Resultado de imagen para instrumentos música oriental 

gong











The duration can be modified using ties and dots.

        - The tie is a curved line that joins two or more notes which sound the same. It makes them into one sound. This sound lasts for the sum of all the notes. 
        - A dot after a note or a rest makes it half as long again (añade la mitad de su valor).




UNIT 5: AMERICAN MUSIC.


There are two types of traditional music in the United States. One is the music of the Native Americans, the first inhabitants. The other is a mix of European and African music, rhythms and instruments.


In the United States, there are many types of music with European and African influences. People play European instruments, as well as other instruments that are very ofiginal and unusual.

MUSIC

People combined Afro-American music such as gospel and jazz, with traditional European music. This is how country music, which has Irish influences, and Cajun music, which has French influences, were created.

Listen to Cajun music
 
INSTRUMENTS
 The banjo is a plucked string instrument. It has African origins and is common in country music. Its sound box has a membrane, like a drum. 
Cajun music uses the accordion and  an unusual percussion instrument called a washboard.

 

 

 MUSICAL LANGUAGE (dots, ties, slurs and changes of speed)










 



- Duet -->  two instruments. For example: Piano and violin.
- Trio --> three instruments. For example: Flute, viola and harp.
- Quartet --> four instruments. For example: A string quartet is used to be composed by two violins, viola and cello.   cuarteto de cuerda de niños
- Quintet --> five instruments. For example: A usual wind quinted could be composed by flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon and french horn.


UNIT 3: CARNIVAL MUSIC

 CARNIVAL IN OUR LAND

Every year and during January and February, Carnival festival is celebrated in our autonomous community, concretely in Cádiz, which is recognized all over the world.

The most important musical groups in Carnival are:

- Chirigota --> This is the most famous one. There are from 7 to 12 people. It is composed by several voices of singers, two guitars, snare and bass drum. The main topic of the lyric is humorous or comical.

- Comparsa --> It has a more poetic style and music is more elaborated. It is composed by 12 to 15 people (singers, 2 or 3 guitars, snare and bass drum).

- Coro (choir) --> This is the biggest group. It is composed by 12- 45 people (35 are singing and 10 are playing in a plectrum orquestra. They also have different voices singing together and the used instruments are guitar, bandurria and lute.

- Cuarteto --> 3 , 4 or 5 people. They try to represent a kind of comical theatre while singing.

Pasodoble- Contigo aprendí



UNIT 4: MUSIC IN THE STREET

BANDS

There are several groups of musicians that usually play in the street. Depending on the components the group has and the kind of music they interpert we can find three main types:
- Banda de música :  This is the biggest one. It is composed by woodwind, brass and percussion instruments.
- Fanfarria o Charanga: Maybe this is the smallest and funniest of the three groups. It is composed by brass and percussion instruments. 

- Banda de cornetas y tambores: It has got uniquelly these two instruments.





UNIT 5: FAMILIES PLAYING TOGETHER

THE SYMPHONIC ORCHESTRA

The symphonic orchestra is the biggest group of instruments we can find.

In the orchestra, instruments are grouped of divided into families: strings, woodwinds, brass and percussion.

All the instruments are collocated in front of the conductor.
- String instruments are placed just opposite the conductor.
- Brass and percussion instruments are the furthest seated instruments.


Investigamos sobre la orquesta

 la orquesta y su distribución (audición)

LEARNING NEW SIGNS 

Resultado de imagen de ejemplo signo de repetición
-The  repeat sign is the sign we use to indicate that we repeat a musical section. The repeat sign indicates that we sing or play twice.
Sometimes we only repeat a part of the music. Here we only repeat bars 2 ,3 and 4.

-The pause sign (el calderón) is the sign we use to make a sound or note longer. When this sign is over a note, it's going to be longer, its lengh depends on the player or the conductor.http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/28/Music-fermata.png