Estamos en Tercero!!

En esta página iremos viendo poco a poco lo que vamos a ir dando en nuestra clase de música.

Así podremos repasar en casa lo que hemos aprendido, además de ver videos interesantes, enlaces, nuestras canciones...

Estás listo/a?? Porque empezamos, y este año va de...

INSTRUMENTOS




UNIT 1: THE VOICE

Coro de voces blancas (children' choir)

 

MUSICAL SYMBOLS

Musical symbols indicate the duration of the sounds and the rests.
Each symbol has got a different length.

 

 UNIT 2 : PERCUSSION


PERCUSSION INSTRUMENTS

Percussion instruments make lots of different sounds. The sound depends on the material. Wooden instruments sound different to metal instruments.

Some instruments produce musical notes, for example, the sylophone.
Others don't produce musical notes, for example, the drum.

Percussion instruments make sounds in various ways. We can strike, shake or scrape/rub them or hit them together.






THE BEAT AND THE MUSICAL SYMBOLS

The beat is the pulse of hte musix. Each beat is the same lenght.
Musical symbols show us how long the sounds are:
                - The rests show us how long the pauses are (silence).
                - The beat helps us interpret the rhythms.
Each symbol or rest has got a different duration.




UNIT 3: MY RECORDER'S FAMILY!

Your recorder is probably made of plastic, buth there are also recorders made of wood. The instruments we are going to study in this unit are made of different materials. But they are all called woodwind instruments because they produce sounds in a similar way.

WOODWIND INSTRUMENTS.

We play woodwind instruments like your recorder:

- We blow to produce sound;
- We cover and uncover the holes to make different musical notes.

Learn these woodwind instruments. From high to low, they are:
 flute, oboe, clarinet, saxophone and bassoon.

Remember woodwind instruments are not always made of wood.







MUSICAL LANGUAGE. 2/4 TIME: Two-beat bars.

We group notes and silences in bars of equal duration.


There is always a time signature at the beginning of a piece of music. It has got two numbers.

 The top number tells us how many beats there are in each bar. In the 2/4 time signature, there are two beats in a bar. 



We separate the bars with a line called a bar line. At the end of the stave there is a double bar line.





UNIT 4 : SOUND OF BRASS

Brass wind instruments can be very lud. That is why we see them in parade bands in the street or at outdoor concerts. In an orchestra, they are at the back.

BRASS INSTRUMENTS

When we play brass instruments we blow in the mouthpiece and the air goes through the tube. The tube is long. It is wrapped around the intrument. The instruments in this family are the trumpet, the French horn, the trombone and the tuba.




 If you want to listen to the sound of these new instruments click here:
 Brass instruments
Familia de viento metal

THREE-BEAT BARS.

In the three-beats bars there is an accent every three beats.

There is a bar line before each accent. At the end of the score, there is a double bar line. 

 

THE DOT 

 A dot after a note or a rest makes it half as long again (add to the figure the half of the value).

 http://www.alfonsosanchez.org/_/rsrc/1373884946424/solfeo/el-puntillo/PUNTILLO.jpg?height=255&width=400





UNIT 5: STRINGS AND BOWS


STRINGS INSTRUMENTS THAT USE A BOW

Bowed string instruments make sounds when we pass the bow over the strings.
The bow is a special stick make of wood and very thin horse hair.
All bowed string instruments have fot four strings.
 




This instrument family has got four members of different sizes.

  

THE TIE 

The tie is a curved line that joins two or more notes which sound the same. It makes them into one sound. This sound lasts for the sum of all the notes.https://mcarmenfer.files.wordpress.com/2010/11/ligaduras.jpg

 http://www.pianogratis.com/imagenes/ligaduraprolongacion.GIF


THE REPEAT SIGN

Resultado de imagen de ejemplo signo de repetición

The  repeat sign is the sign we use to indicate that we repeat a musical section. The repeat sign indicates that we sing or play twice.
Sometimes we only repeat a part of the music. Here we only repeat bars 2 ,3 and 4.

 

UNIT 6 : PLUCKING AND STRUMMING

pick  (púa)


STRUMMED AND PLUCKED INSTRUMENTS.

Strummed and plucked instruments make sounds when we touch their strings. We can pluck the strings with our fingers. Sometimes we use and object calle a pick. We can also strum the strings.


There are the most common instruments in this instrument family:

 The guitar is a very popular instrument. It has got six strings. They are the same lengh but they are different thicknesses.
"Entre dos aguas" played by the Paco de Lucia's guitar
"Asturias" by the John Williams's guitar

The harp is a very ancient instrument. It can have up to 40 strings. Each string is a different lengt.
"Clair de lune" played by the harp.

We use a pick to play the bandurria. It has got 6 pairs of strings (12 strings).
"Recuerdos de la Alhambra" by the Narciso Yepes's bandurria.